Kakortokite is a rare intrusive igneous rock. The name is traditionally applied to eudialytic nepheline syenites found in southern Greenland. The attractive sample shown below principally contains three minerals: whitish nepheline ((Na,K)AlSiO4), blackish arfvedsonite amphibole (NaNa2((Fe+2)4Fe+3)Si8O22(OH)2), and reddish eudialyte (Na4(Ca,Ce)2(Fe,Mn,Y)ZrSi8O22(OH,Cl)2).
Notice that the amphibole and the eudialyte show layering. Magmatic layering is expected to occur in the lower portions of old magma chambers, and this kakortokite sample is indeed from the floor rocks of an old igneous intrusion.
Geologic unit: Il’maussaq Intrusion (Il’maussaq Complex; Il’maussaq Alkaline Complex), an 8 x 17 km intrusion in the 1.12-1.35 b.y. Gardar Igneous Province, developed in a failed rift zone.
Age: late Mesoproterozoic, 1.16 billion years.
Locality: cliff outcrops on southern side of eastern end of Kangerdluarssaq Fjord (also spelled Kangerdluarsuk Fjord), far-southern Greenland.
Kakortokite (cut surfaces; 9.5 cm tall) - magmatically layered kakortokite from GreenlandÕs Precambrian-aged Il’maussaq Complex.
White = nepheline
Black = arfvedsonite amphibole
Red = eudialyte