ORGANISMS  IN  THE  WATER

(swimming vertebrates)

 

Acanthurus coeruleus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 (above & below) - blue tangs (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Acanthuridae).  Blue tangs are a type of doctorfish that range from pale blue to dark blue to black with dark blue peripheries.  (Above: Scott Bair photo, 2009; below: James St. John photo, 2011)

See short blue tang video.

 


 

Acanthurus bahianus Castelnau, 1855 - ocean surgeonfish (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Acanthuridae) landward of Snapshot Reef, Fernandez Bay, western margin of San Salvador Island. (Mark Peter photo, 2009)

 


 

Balistes vetula Linnaeus, 1758 (above & below) - queen triggerfish (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Tetraodontiformes, Balistidae).

Above left: queen triggerfish at Telephone Pole Reef, Fernandez Bay, western margin of San Salvador Island. (Mark Peter photo, 2009)

Above right: queen triggerfish near Snapshot Reef, Fernandez Bay, western margin of San Salvador Island. (James St. John photo, 2011)

Below: queen triggerfish near Snapshot Reef, Fernandez Bay, western margin of San Salvador Island. (Mark Peter photo, 2011)

 


 

Canthidermis sufflamen (Mitchill, 1815) - ocean triggerfish (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Tetraodontiformes, Balistidae) off Bamboo Point, northern Fernandez Bay, western margin of San Salvador Island. (James St. John photo, 2010)

 


 

Chromis cyanea Poey, 1860 (above & below) - blue chromis (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Pomacentridae) at Snapshot Reef, Fernandez Bay, western margin of San Salvador Island. (above: James St. John photos, 2010 & 2011; below: Mark Peter photo, 2009)

 


 

Lactophrys triqueter (Linnaeus, 1758) - smooth trunkfish (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Tetraodontiformes, Ostraciidae) landward of Snapshot Reef, Fernandez Bay, western margin of San Salvador Island. (Mark Peter photo, 2009)

 


 

Lactophrys bicaudalis (Linnaeus, 1758) - spotted trunkfish (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Tetraodontiformes, Ostraciidae) at Snapshot Reef, Fernandez Bay, western margin of San Salvador Island. (left: Mark Peter photo, 2009; right: Scott Bair photo, 2009)

 


 

Lactophrys polygonia (Poey, 1876) - honeycomb trunkfish (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Tetraodontiformes, Ostraciidae) in shallow subtidal portion of northern Fernandez Bay, due west of Bamboo Point, western margin of San Salvador Island. (James St. John photo, 2010)

 


 

Thalassoma bifasciatum Bloch, 1791 - bluehead wrasse (adult coloration/terminal phase) (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Labridae) landward of Snapshot Reef, Fernandez Bay, western margin of San Salvador Island. (Mark Peter photo, 2009)

 

Thalassoma bifasciatum Bloch, 1791 - bluehead wrasses (pre-adult colorations/juvenile or initial phases) (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Labridae) at a small patch reef west of Cut Cay, eastern Grahamís Harbour, northeastern San Salvador Island. (James St. John photos, 2010)

 


 

Caranx ruber (Bloch, 1793) (above & below) - bar jacks (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Carangidae). (James St. John photos, 2011)

Left: bar jack swimming just above a symmetrically rippled, biogenic aragonite sand seafloor between closely-spaced patch reefs in western French Bay, southwestern San Salvador Island.

Right: bar jack near Snapshot Reef, Fernandez Bay, western margin of San Salvador Island.

See short video of two bar jacks.

 


 

Pomacanthus paru (Bloch, 1787) - French angelfish (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Pomacanthidae) in patch reef near Cockburn Town, western margin of San Salvador Island. (Scott Bair photo, 2009)

 


 

Dasyatis americana (Hildebrand & Schroeder, 1928) (above & below) - southern stingray (Vertebrata, Chondrichthyes, Myliobatiformes, Dasyatidae).

Above left: Pigeon Creek estuary, southeastern San Salvador Island. (Mark Peter photo, 2009)

Above right: Snapshot Reef, Fernandez Bay, western margin of San Salvador Island. (James St. John photo, 2010)

Below: French Bay, southwestern margin San Salvador Island. (Mark Peter photo, 2011)  See short video of this very animal.

 


 

Dasyatis americana - southern stingray mostly buried in biogenic aragonite sand at Snapshot Reef, Fernandez Bay, offshore from western margin of San Salvador Island. (James St. John photo, 2011)

 


 

Aetobatus narinari (Euphrasen, 1790) - spotted eagle ray (Vertebrata, Chondrichthes, Myliobatiformes, Myliobatidae) at Bimini, western Bahamas. (Lee & Mary Ellen St. John photo, 1964)

 


 

Sparisoma viride (Bonnaterre, 1788) - stoplight parrotfish (terminal phase) (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Scaridae) at Snapshot Reef, Fernandez Bay, western margin of San Salvador Island.  (left: Scott Bair photo, 2009; right: James St. John photo, 2009)

 

 

Sparisoma viride (Bonnaterre, 1788) - stoplight parrotfish (terminal phase) (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Scaridae) at a patch reef in western French Bay, southwestern San Salvador Island. (James St. John photo, 2010)

 


 

Sparisoma viride (Bonnaterre, 1788) - stoplight parrotfish (initial phase) (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Scaridae) in French Bay, southern margin of San Salvador Island. (Mark Peter photo, 2009)

 


 

Scarus vetula Bloch & Schneider, 1801 - queen parrotfish at patch reef offshore from Rocky Point/Sand Dollar Beach, northwestern corner of San Salvador Island. (James St. John photo, 2011)

 


 

Melichthys niger Bloch, 1786 - black durgon (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Tetraodontiformes, Balistidae) over a common seafan, Gorgonia ventalina (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Octocorallia, Gorgonacea, Gorgoniidae). (Scott Bair photo, 2009)

 


 

Cantherhines pullus (Ranzani, 1842) - orangespotted filefish (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Tetraodontiformes, Balistidae) near Snapshot Reef, Fernandez Bay, western margin of San Salvador Island.

Left: James St. John photo, 2011.  Right: Mark Peter photo, 2011.

 


 

Sphoeroides testudineus (Linnaues, 1758) - checkered pufferfish (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Tetraodontiformes, Tetraodontidae) in Pigeon Creek estuary, southeastern San Salvador Island. (Mark Peter photo, 2009)

 


 

Coryphopterus glaucofraenum Gill, 1863 - bridled goby (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Gobiidae) at a small patch reef just west of Cut Cay, eastern Grahamís Harbour, northeastern San Salvador Island.  This fishís body is translucent and internal organs are visible. (James St. John photo, 2010)

 


 

Gnatholepis thompsoni Jordan, 1904 - goldspot goby (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Gobiidae) at a small patch reef just west of Cut Cay, eastern Grahamís Harbour, northeastern San Salvador Island. (James St. John photo, 2010)

 


 

Pseudupeneus maculatus (Bloch, 1793) (above & below) - spotted goatfish (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Mullidae) at a small patch reef just west of Cut Cay, eastern Grahamís Harbour, northeastern San Salvador Island.  Goatfish have two, moderately long, posteroventrally-directed barbels under the chin.  They use the barbels to probe for food in the sediments, as seen above.

Above: active color phase of the spotted goatfish.

Below: inactive color phase of the spotted goatfish.

(James St. John photos, 2010 & 2011)

 


 

Chaetodon ocellatus Bloch, 1787 - spotfin butterflyfish (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Chaetodontidae) at Telephone Pole Reef, Fernandez Bay, western margin of San Salvador Island. (Mark Peter photo, 2009)

 


 

Chaetodon striatus Linnaeus, 1758 - banded butterflyfish (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Chaetodontidae) near Snapshot Reef, Fernandez Bay, western margin of San Salvador Island. (left: Mark Peter photo, 2011; right: James St. John photo, 2011)

 


 

Halichoeres radiatus (Linnaeus, 1758) - puddingwife, initial phase (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Labridae) at Snapshot Reef, Fernandez Bay, western margin of San Salvador Island. (James St. John photo, 2010)

 


 

Lutjanus apodus (Walbaum, 1792) - juvenile schoolmaster (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Lutjanidae) just south of Pigeon Creek Delta, southeastern San Salvador Island. (James St. John photo, 2010)

 


 

Lutjanus synagris (Linnaeus, 1758) - lane snapper (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Lutjanidae) at a small patch reef just west of Cut Cay, eastern Grahamís Harbour, northeastern San Salvador Island. (James St. John photo, 2010)

 


 

Holocentrus adscensionis (Osbeck, 1765) - squirrelfish (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Beryciformes, Holocentridae) at Snapshot Reef, Fernandez Bay, western margin of San Salvador Island. (Mark Peter photo, 2009)

 


 

Haemulon flavolineatum (Desmarest, 1823) - French grunt (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Haemulidae) at a small patch reef just west of Cut Cay, eastern Grahamís Harbour, northeastern San Salvador Island. (James St. John photo, 2010)

 


 

Haemulon plumieri Lacepede, 1801 - white grunt (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Haemulidae) at a small patch reef just west of Cut Cay, eastern Grahamís Harbour, northeastern San Salvador Island. (James St. John photo, 2010)

 


 

Haemulon striatum (Linnaeus, 1758) (apparently) - striped grunt (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Haemulidae) at a small patch reef just west of Cut Cay, eastern Grahamís Harbour, northeastern San Salvador Island. (James St. John photo, 2010)

 


 

Holocentrus adscensionis (Osbeck, 1765) & Haemulon flavolineatum (Desmarest, 1823) - squirrelfish (reddish & silvery with large eyes) and French grunts (striped yellow). (Scott Bair photo, 2009)

 


 

Bothus lunatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (above & below) - peacock flounders (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Pleuronectiformes, Bothidae). (James St. John photos, 2010 & 2011)

Above: peacock flounder in shallow subtidal portion of northern Fernandez Bay, due west of Bamboo Point, western margin of San Salvador Island.

Below: peacock flounder near Snapshot Reef, Fernandez Bay, western margin of San Salvador Island.

 


 

Abudefduf saxatilis (Linnaeus, 1758) - sergeant major (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Pomacentridae) at Gaulin Reef, northern Graham's Harbour, northern San Salvador Island. (James St. John photo, 2010)

 


 

Bodianus rufus (Linnaeus, 1758) - Spanish hogfish (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Labridae) at Snapshot Reef, Fernandez Bay, western margin of San Salvador Island. (Mark Peter photo, 2009)

 


 

Stegastes leucostictus (MŁller & Troschel in Schomburgk, 1848) - juvenile beaugregory, a variety of damselfish (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Pomacentridae), near a small patch reef just west of Cut Cay, eastern Grahamís Harbour, northeastern San Salvador Island. (James St. John photo, 2010)

 


 

Sphyraena barracuda (Edwards, 1771) - great barracuda (above & below) (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Perciformes, Sphyraenidae).

Above: great barracuda at Gaulin Reef, northern Grahamís Harbour, northern San Salvador Island. (James St. John photo, 2010)

Below: closeup of teeth of great barracuda from unrecorded locality in the Bahamas. (Lee & Mary Ellen St. John photo, 1964)

 


 

Pristis pectinata Latham, 1794 - smalltooth sawfish (Vertebrata, Chondrichthyes, Pristiformes, Pristidae) at Bimini, western Bahamas. (Lee & Mary Ellen St. John photo, 1964)

 


 

Heteroconger halis GŁnther, 1870 - brown garden eels (Vertebrata, Actinopterygii, Agnuilliformes, Congridae) offshore from Bamboo Point, near ďThe WallĒ, northern Fernandez Bay, western margin of San Salvador Island. (James St. John photo, 2010)

 


 

Caretta caretta (Linnaeus, 1758) - loggerhead sea turtle (Vertebrata, Reptilia, Anapsida, Testudines, Cheloniidae) at Bimini, western Bahamas. (Lee & Mary Ellen St. John photo, 1964)

 


 

Chelonia mydas (Linnaeus, 1758) - green sea turtle (Vertebrata, Reptilia, Anapsida, Testudines, Cheloniidae) at Snapshot Reef, Fernandez Bay, offshore from western margin of San Salvador Island. (James St. John photo, 2011)

 


 

Phalacrocorax auritus (Lesson, 1831) - double-crested cormorant (above & below) (Vertebrata, Aves, Pelecaniformes, Phalacrocoracidae) diving at Snapshot Reef, Fernandez Bay, western margin of San Salvador Island, March 2009. (Above & below left: Mark Peter photos; below right: James St. John photo)

 


 

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